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Architectural styles (see Wikipedia) stand in architecture for a prominent style on a regional or international level. One speaks of a typical formal language, which can either stand for a historical epoch or for an architect. Architectural styles are mainly classified according to different time periods, which can also overlap.
In the Middle Ages these are the Romantic (approx. 1000 to approx. 1235) and the Gothic (approx. 1140 to 1520)
Romanticism is characterized by its round arches and round arched fortresses, massive stone walls and massive columns with block-like capitals.
The Gothic followed the Romantic in many areas and introduced the ribbed vault with supporting ribs.
In modern times these are the Renaissance (approx. 1510 to approx. 1620), the Baroque (approx. 1575 – approx. 1,720), the Rococo (approx. 1720 to approx 1780) and Classicism (approx. 1770 to 1840).
The origin of the Renaissance is Florence with its creator Filippo Brunelleschi. It is considered to be the rebirth of antiquity. The old builders wanted to reunite the harmony of balance and proportions.
The Baroque developed from the Renaissance and adopted its architectural forms, but interpreted them in a completely different way, in which it tends to exaggerate the depictions of the opposing forces.
The Rococo developed from the Baroque. While the Baroque preferred symmetry, the Rococo is characterized by asymmetry and excessive ornamentation. It can also be described as elegant, sensual, imaginative and playful.
Classicism, on the other hand, was based on the Greek and Roman temples because of its simplicity, dignity, harmony and beauty.
In the 19th century these are Historicism (approx. 1830 to 1910) and Art Nouveau (approx. 1890 to 1910).
Various architectural styles wer imitated such as the Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque and Rococo, as the building boom left no time for creating on own style. Artificial colors came into play as a fundamental novelty.
In France at the end of the 19th century a style called “L’Art Nouveau” developed, in Germany named “Jugendstil”, in Austria “Sezessionsstil” and in England and Russia “Modern Style”. Art Nouveau wanted to combine architecture with handicrafts and art to form a unified total work of art, with decorative beauty coming to the foreground.
The following architectural styles existed in the 20th century
– Art déco